The Kyivan Rus’, the first Eastern Slavic state, formed in Ukraine in the Middle Ages, and by the 11th century
was the largest and most powerful nation in Europe. Modern Ukraine—both its democratic leanings and its
highly literary culture—traces its roots to the Kyivan Rus’.–This collection contains: 1) a silver 3 polker of Sigismund III Vasa, 2) a copper solidus of John II Casimir, 3) a
kopek of Alexis of Russia, 4) a 2 kopek of Nicholas II, the last Romanov, 5) a Soviet 5 kopek from after the
Holodomor, and 6) a Ukrainian 5 kopijok, struck in 1992.