This collection contains four silver Crusader coins:- 1/ Cilician Armenia, silver tram The first Christian nation was a welcoming enclave for the Crusaders in the east. Perhaps this was because like Alexios, they had struggled to keep their lands out of the hands of the Turks– or the Byzantines. 2/ Antioch, Bohemond III, silver denier Bohemond III ruled this crucial crusader stronghold in the north, during the turbulent Third Crusade. Bohemond maintained close ties with the Byzantines, perhaps falling prey to their propaganda. 3/ Frankish Greece, silver denier tournois A good example of the extraordinarily layered politics of the Crusades is the Frankish Greek states. The Franks and Venetians actually colonized large swaths of Christian Greece. 4/ Mamluk Dynasty, silver dirham Towards the end of the crusades, the Mamluk dynasty was on the rise in Egypt. The Mamluks swept in when everyone else was exhausted from 200 years of fighting and took Jerusalem once and for all.