In 269, Postumus was murdered by his own troops, and the Gallic Empire, which depended on the force of his personality, began to crumble. Victorinus, who assumed control of the breakaway empire late in 269, was killed by one of his officers, whose wife he’d seduced. The slain emperor’s mother, Victoria, served as de facto empress after her son was killed, paying vast sums of money to install a well-bred general, Tetricus I, as Augustus. His son Tetricus II served as Caesar. But fickle generals abandoned Tetricus and his son, and they surrendered in 274. After being paraded through Rome as trophies, they were spared death by the Emperor Aurelian in exchange for their obeisance.