Edward I, also known as ”Edward Longshanks“ on account of his height and the ”Hammer of the Scots“ on account of his defeat of the Scots in battle, is one of England’s most famous kings. His military exploits included, a crusade to the Holy Land in his youth, the total conquest of Wales and a protracted campaign to subdue Scotland. He also reformed English Law, with the 1275 and 1285 Statutes of Westminster 1275. His 1279 reform of the coinage was to introduce a design that stayed current for almost 200 years. In 1290 he expelled all Jews from England.